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Chemical Raw Material Export Tax Rebate Rate Or Downward Adjustment
- Dec 22, 2018 -

Environmental storms increase the cost of APIs, control the export of low value-added products, and reduce market disorder

On June 20th, the Green Pharmaceutical Environmental Seminar was held during the EP&Clean Tech exhibition. The seminar was organized by the China Environmental Protection Federation, the organizer of the exhibition, and assembled a group of environmental protection policy advisors and environmental protection equipment and technology. The expert group in the field discussed the application of environmental technology in the pharmaceutical industry under the new normal, and brought the latest medical environmental protection policy interpretation and green environmental protection application program.

Cao Gang, director of the Western Medicine Department of the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products, said at the meeting: "The past 20 years have been the rapid development of China's pharmaceutical industry for 20 years, but behind the rapid development of the industry, the pollution brought by pharmaceutical and chemical manufacturing. The problem is also becoming more and more serious. As we all know, China is a big pharmaceutical country and a major producer and exporter of APIs. The pollutants produced by APIs and intermediates in the production process are complex, difficult to manage, and costly. Restricted the development of the industry."

Xie Yuhong, deputy secretary-general of the China Environmental Protection Federation, said: "The current environmental supervision and enforcement efforts are unprecedented. Enterprises must conscientiously abide by the environmental protection law. Green production and clean production are related to the survival and development of enterprises and their core competitiveness. Green pharmaceuticals have their own uniqueness and pharmaceutical processes. The pollution components are complex, difficult to manage, and costly. To achieve sustained, stable, and compliance emissions, the industry must use green production technologies and adopt environmental management measures to become an environmentally friendly enterprise."

Environmental storms lead to rising prices of raw materials, vicious competition is expected to end

This year's government work report puts: "Deeply promote the prevention of water and soil pollution. This year, chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions will drop by 2%." In early January, the environmental protection tax regulations were introduced and environmental protection taxes were levied.

Under this background, all localities have further strengthened environmental protection and rectification of high-pollution chemicals, water quotas, emission standards, and pollutant discharge permits. More and more raw material medicine enterprises have been relocated within a limited time, and transferred to remote areas. , limited production or even discontinued production.

Wang Lili, deputy director of the former Department of Environmental Protection Law, pointed out: "One of the major impacts of the revision of the "Environmental Protection Law" is to increase the intensity of illegal punishment and increase the punishment. It has increased the amount of fines for some illegal acts and raised the upper limit of fines. In the past, 10,000 to 100,000 yuan, now basically 100,000 to 1 million yuan. Increased daily penalties, such as a fine of 10,000 yuan for pollutant discharge, ordered the enterprise to be reformed, and the inspection was not corrected after 30 days. Continuous calculations, 10,000 yuan a day will become 300,000 yuan. Increased the types of punishment, not only fines, but also administrative detention, may impose administrative detention on the responsible person."

In recent years, environmental protection measures for the pharmaceutical industry have become more and more strict, and many raw material drug companies have been asked to relocate or even phase out production.

In response to the current industry situation, Cao Gang said: "The National '13th Five-Year Plan' ranks green development as a top priority and will become a more long-term scientific development concept and development mode. Green manufacturing is an important component of green development. In part, the implementation of green manufacturing is an effective way to accelerate the greening of production methods, increase the supply of green products, and alleviate the pressure on resources. It is also to promote industrial transformation and upgrading, foster new economic growth points, stabilize growth, adjust structure, and increase efficiency. Key measures. How to better implement green manufacturing in the pharmaceutical industry and achieve green development will surely become a topic of common concern and consideration in the whole industry."

Zheng Shunteng, general manager of raw materials and intermediates operations of Zhuhai Federal Pharmaceutical Sales Co., Ltd. believes: “Under environmental pressure, the reshuffle of the API industry is accelerating, which is beneficial to those enterprises that have always adhered to environmental protection. Some enterprises have limited production capacity in recent years due to neglect of environmental protection investment in recent years. It affects the stability of supply and may gradually go out of competition in the market. Federal Pharmaceuticals has always attached great importance to pharmaceutical environmental protection. In recent years, the environmental storm has had little impact on enterprises, and production and market supply have remained stable. Sales have shown a situation in which both volume and price have increased, and sales have increased significantly."

Some experts predict that the export tax rebate rate for chemical raw materials will be lowered this year to further increase the cost of raw material drug companies, thereby controlling the export of low value-added products and reducing the disorderly competition in the market. The above-mentioned policy superposition will speed up the reshuffle of high-pollution, high-energy-consumption, low-value-added chemical raw materials and preparation manufacturers. Many uncompetitive enterprises will become enterprises and then be merged, reorganized or bankrupt.

Local supervision is more stringent VOCs are being monitored

In November 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the “Implementation Plan for Controlling Pollution Licensing System”, which stated that the control of pollutant discharge permit system (hereinafter referred to as “sewage permit system”) is the basic environmental management that regulates the discharge behavior of enterprises and institutions according to law. Institutions, the environmental protection department issues a discharge permit for enterprises and institutions, and implements a discharge permit system based on the supervision.

The introduction of the sewage permit has further improved the environmental protection requirements of enterprises. Ren Ailing, a professor at Hebei University of Science and Technology, stressed: "First of all, the relevant requirements are put forward from the source control, such as adopting advanced production technology and equipment, using non-toxic and harmless or low-toxic and low-harm raw and auxiliary materials. Promoting new technologies for clean production, such as green Enzyme technology, two factories in Shijiazhuang have implemented the new enzymatic production process. Organized emissions in the operation management put forward the relevant equipment operation, negative pressure operation, classification collection, classification and processing requirements, bypass is not allowed.

Clear control procedures and operating parameters are proposed for all treatment measures. All facilities are required to perform metering, calibration and comparison, and the online monitoring system is compared and proofread. ”

As a major drug substance province, Hebei Province has already taken the lead in the country in the environmental protection of raw materials. In March 2017, Hebei Province issued the “Implementation Plan for the Construction of Green Manufacturing System in Hebei Province”, clearly stating: “Priority in the steel, building materials, chemicals, automobiles, electronic information, machinery and other industries, as well as industrial parks with good basic conditions and strong industrial relevance. Carry out the creation and demonstration of green manufacturing systems, support the development of green products, create green factories and green parks, and create a green supply chain."

In May of this year, the self-evaluation report submitted by the “Green Factory” of Huayao Group was established and approved by a third-party evaluation agency and passed smoothly.

At present, Hebei Province has proposed that large-scale enterprises must install online detectors to monitor VOCs. Ren Ailing introduced: “Specific to pharmaceutical companies, first, install online monitoring, and install VOCs alarm devices in the workshop and factory boundaries. This is the current measures taken by Shijiazhuang to control pollutant emissions. The requirements for unorganized emissions are also required. For example, in the form of full containment and storage tanks, leak detection and repair techniques are also proposed."

In the face of high environmental protection requirements, Wang Ning, a researcher at the Planning Department of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, believes that capturing the emissions of VOCs is the key to realizing the green manufacturing of APIs in China.

According to statistics, China's pharmaceutical industry produces more varieties, and there are many production processes. The raw materials used are relatively large, and the VOCs emissions are about 200,000 to 1.2 million tons.

Wang Ning pointed out: “Although the emissions are not much higher than other industries, the proportion is increasing year by year. The best route for VOCs pollution control in the pharmaceutical industry is to recycle valuable VOCs according to the production process and end-process the VOCs with no value. Some governance measures can be taken to eventually reach the relevant national emission standards."